"The Long-Term Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Children’s Education and Employment Outcomes"    with Kathy Michelmore

  • Journal of Labor Economics (Forthcoming 2018)
  • Abstract: Using four decades of variation in the federal and state EITC, we estimate the impact of EITC
    expansions in childhood on education and employment outcomes in adulthood. Results suggest that an additional $1,000 in EITC exposure when a child is 13 to 18 years old increases the likelihood of completing high school (1.3 percent), completing college (4.2 percent), being employed as a young adult (1.0 percent), and earnings by 2.2 percent. Instrumental variables analysis reveals that the primary channel through which the EITC improves these outcomes is via increases in pre-tax family earnings.


“The Rise of Working Mothers and the 1975 Earned Income Tax Credit”

"Unintended Consequences? More Marriage, More Children, and the EITC"

  • Presentations: 2018: Society of Labor Economists, Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency; 2017: International Institute of Public Finance, National Tax Association
  • Abstract: The EITC provides a ``marriage bonus'' to some couples but a ``marriage penalty'' to others: the average incentive is theoretically ambiguous, has changed over time, and existing empirical evidence has been mixed. The EITC also encourages some households to have more children but others to have less. Using over 30 years of household panel data, I find that federal and state EITC expansions increase marriage and fertility, and decrease non-marital cohabitation. These results imply that some estimates in the EITC literature may be biased, since endogenous switching from unmarried to married or increasing fertility would violate the stable-group-composition condition required by difference in differences.


“Does the EITC Pay for Itself? Evidence from Linked Administrative Data” with Maggie Jones

  • Presentations: 2018: Columbia University, International Institute of Public Finance

“Public Policy and Time Spent Between Mothers and Children” with Lance Lochner
“Crowd Out or In? Domestic and International STEM Students” with Jeff Grogger and Gordon Hanson
“Time Use Among Full-Time Workers and the Gender Wage Gap” with Yana Gallen
“Does the EITC Help or Harm Rural America? Evidence from Migration” with Dan Black
“The Role of the Earned Income Tax Credit in the Narrowing of the Gender Wage Gap”
“How Much of the Gender and Racial Wage Gap Can Be Explained by Discriminatory Attitudes?”
“The 1964 Civil Rights Act and Black-White Outcomes: 50 Years Later”

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